I am interested in learning more about the system of catenaccio, developed but not created, by former Inter coach Helenio Herrera, as it changed the nature of football and led to the first success for Italian teams in the European Cup, AC Milan in 62/63, 68/69 and Inter 63/64 and 64/65.
By searching the Internet it has been discovered that there are 3 conflicting views as to the creation of the formation and style of catenaccio.
According to NSCAA it was Nereo Rocco in 1947 while at Triestina who created the formation and style known as catenaccio, he succeeded in taking them from bottom of the league to 2nd the next season. This is contradicted by sourced from wikipedia and Sport in a nutshell, Catenaccio, Sunday November 2, 2003
, who state that it was created in the 1950's by Nereo Rocco but at Padova, which he later utilized while at AC Milan, winning the European Cup with it in 1963 and 1969.
The final version by nobok states that a defensive strategy was devised by Inter coach Alfredo Foni in 1952-53, resulting in Inter scoring only 46 goals that season but conceding few, so they won the title. This can be implied as Foni having some part in originating the idea and Herrera developing it.
Who originated it and when? please provide an authoritive reference.
This catenaccio consisted of a "diamond-shaped defence, in which a midfield 'libero' (free man) is accommodated." Sport in a nutshell, Catenaccio, Sunday November 2, 2003 .
This is different to how Herrera implemented catenaccio.
It was Helenio Herrera while at Inter Milan, who has been thought of as perfecting catenaccio, that perfected the system with 4 man marking defenders and a sweeper. sourced from wikipedia.
According to think quest there are 3 possible formations in catenaccio:
1. Most offensive - 1-3-3-3
3. Most defensive - 1-4-4-1
In which the game was "..spent with long balls probing the defence, or sending only the forward line to attack, so that there would be enough players left to defend if a counterattack from the opposition developed."
When Inter Milan first won Serie A under Herrera, his squad according to Football Italia was as follows:
"Inter: Buffon (20), Bugatti (10), Ferretti (4), Burgnich (31), Facchetti (31), Masiero (9), Zaglio (21), Bolchi (12), Guarneri (34), Picchi (30), Dellagiovanna (1), Tagnin (1); Jair (27), Mazzola A. (23), Di Giacomo (24), Suarez (29), Corso (30), Maschio (15), Bicicli (11), Hitchens (5), Morbello (4), Bettini (2). Coach: Helenio Herrera."
It was found that Facchetti was an attacking left back scoring somewhere in the region of 60-80 goals, that I can remember from memory, and Picchi was the sweeper.
Considering the fact that Faccetti was an attacking leftback, did he still have man marking duties?
From that squad:
a) What would the 1st team line up be
b) The formation
c) Roles and responsibilites of each player (i.e who is man marking?, what do the midfielders do? did the sweeper attack or always stay behind the back 4 or 3?)
d) Game plan (i.e start with 1-3-3-1 looking for a goal, revert to
1-4-4-1 when scored to defend the lead)
e) What are the characteristics of each player that makes him suitable to catenaccio?
Any answers are appreciated, and I would appreciate it if anyone could refer me to any other resources such as books and web sites and also video footage of Inter under Herrera, to help me understand this system more.